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Wednesday, September 26, 2012

Milky Way Galaxy is Embedded Immersed Swimming in a 1 to 2.5 Million Degree PLASMA Gas Cloud Coronal Bubble


A humongous gaseous plasma coronal cloud bubble surrounds and engulfs  the milky way galaxy, likely interacting with Andromeda's bubble. The distance the bubble extends is vastly unknown, but it engulfs the large and small magellanic clouds. Plasma magnetohydrodynamics better describes scientific truth for what gravity cosmologists purportedly call just a "superheated gas cloud or gas pool."  CORONAL GALAXY CLOUD : Wikiversity.org. The galactic corona was first predicted and theorized by nobel prize winning astrophysicist Haanes Alfven. Conventionally accepted dogmatic big-bang gravity theorists are still purporting phony cosmology theories, and trying to explain all the missing gravity for galaxies as dark matter. They are just calling this a "hot intergalactic cloud of gas."  Gaseous filaments at these extreme high temperatures are scientifically proven to be in the realm for plasma astrophysicists, not gravity cosmologists.  Small amounts of moving charges are intrinsic to plasmas, and far more responsible for shaping and ruling the universe by the fundamental force of electromagnetism. New findings by the trio of Chandra X-ray satellites shows that the enormous sized superheated gas cloud is between 1 to 2.5 million degrees kelvin, and entirely surrounding our milky way galaxy. Charged oxygen atoms were detected absorbing X-ray light at this temperature range around the galaxy in the outer galaxy halo. All galaxies, especially those similar to our milky way, can be presumed to also be embedded and swimming inside gigantic hot plasma gas pools. The outer galaxy halo is several hundred times hotter than our sun's surface, and between 10 to 60 billion solar masses. Astronomer Smita Mathur of Ohio State University says "the outer, hotter gas halo may extend for a few thousand light years around our milky way galaxy, or it may extend farther out into the surrounding local group of galaxies." The new findings show the newly discovered "outer, hotter gas halo" is much larger than the previously discovered warm hot intergalactic medium or WHIM filaments. The WHIM is between 100,000 - 1 million degrees kelvin, and far smaller in size. Stars have been shown to form inside the spiral arms of galaxies by condensation of the cooler gaseous intergalactic filaments. The estimated density of this gas halo is so low that similar halos around other galaxies evade current detection methods. All the talk about finding and solving the mystery of the missing baryons of the universe by this new discovery, are foolish theory conjectures.  Unmeasurable by detection methods, plasmas are known to have moving charges by electromagnetic forces far stronger in strength over vast distances than the gravitational mass of the gas. This produces cosmic-scale electric and magnetic fields requiring further complex plasma mathematics, but correctly mimics and replaces the phony devised relativity  interpretation having numerous problems. This is what should really matter in any cosmology of the universe. The new findings strongly support plasma cosmology.


Enormous Milky Way Gas Cloud
the milky way galaxy swims inside a giant hot (PLASMA) outer gas cloud or pool of gas. The photo shows a 300,000 light year size radius of gas in the outer halo, that extends beyond the LMC and SMC. It could be far larger in radius, with fractal organized structures.
the milky way galaxy's GALACTIC CORONA

Cosmic-scale FRACTAL DUSTY filamentary plasma gas bubbles and magnetic fields are fundamentally responsible for star formation and galaxies interacting. The hottest plasmas known in the universe are found in densely packed galaxy clusters. In a galaxy cluster the extremely hot plasma is known to comprise 90% of the mass of the galaxy cluster, with only 10% of the mass from it's constituent galaxies. 
Flowing Plasma in the Orion Nebula
the Orion Nebula plasma gas bubbles found in 2008 are believed to be from plasma flowing  and permeating the fractal filamentary universe.


The size of the milky way galaxy and inner halo


Milky Way Gas Cloud Video

Tuesday, September 18, 2012

ISM Solid Hydrogen and Superfluids with Helium3 in Cosmic Abundance Explains Mysterious Dark Matter, Black Holes, and DIBs by a Fractal Dust Astrochemistry Cosmology


The Universe is largely shaped by the most abundant atoms H and He and their superstates, which are not normal states of matter. Quantum mechanics has just two observable macro-scale states, superfluidity and superconductivity of electricity. Besides superfluid helium3, all atoms have incredible properties by a phase change at extreme cold. Scientists recently found a way to be able to detect solid hydrogen in the ISM. Magnetic fields and cold temperatures prevent sublimation into gas. They should also be trying to detect  superfluids like helium 3 in the coldest regions, liquid and solid hydrogen, helium, oxygen, and nitrogen. "The low viscosity of liquid helium makes laboratory observations of its fluid motions difficult", says Gregory Bewley."The settling velocity of a hydrogen particle is proportional to the square of its size, buoyancy rapidly moves larger hydrogen particles aggregates to the free surface of liquid helium, effectively removing them from the system." 
Hydrogen ice, likely a supersolid source to fuel stars with gas, has glowing whiteish or light colored halos that fractally connect inside to the centers of cold nebulas where stars form inside filaments:

 solid hydrogen ice glow in nebulas






3d knotted vortices in superfluid helium model the fractal filamentary cosmic web of galaxies, like beads on strings, the cold gas follows the filaments.











Is this nebula surrounded by a solid hydrogen ice glow?
"Interstellar Glow Likely Caused by Hydrogen Ice in Nebula""
Solid hydrogen "ice" likely permeates the interstellar medium ! 
Some of the "glow" observed by astronomers in the solar system and ISM matches the predictions for solid hydrogen. Solid hydrogen is a
superconductor of electricity, and its existence is no longer being dismissed by sublimation into gas in outer space. Organic PACs have been identified in large amounts matching the spectra of many very important DIBs, but PACs are just one contributor to the background glow that contains hundreds of unidentified spectra signatures. A Great website on "DIBs and PACs" can easily be interpreted differently than current theories. Earth is actually a parasitic viral planet. There are more viruses on earth than stars in the visible universe. PACs are organic waste products excreted by life. They stay in the body only a few days, and are stable molecules in outer space, believed to be responsible for originating life on earth.  PACs are believed to form in outer space by a chemical reaction with light, but this is unproven. PACS are believed to be abundant where planets are forming, and have been found inside our solar system. The biologic theory for the origin of PACs is extremely logical, because PACs are proven to easily support the growth of bacteria and low-life forms, that later evolved on earth into higher life.

Fractal Dusty Galaxies
Solid Hydrogen is stabilized by dusty impurities which are found in galaxies. H and He comprise 99.5% of the Universe's atoms. Fractal Dusty Plasma Galaxies in the fractal universe.
"The Cosmos in a Test Tube of Liquid Helium and Magnetic Fields" - Richard Haley at Lancaster Univ.

"Interstellar Solid Hydrogen" - The Astrophysical Journal - by Lin, Gilbert, Walker.
"Interstellar Solid Hydrogen" - Iopscience - by Lin, Gilbert, Walker.
"Solid Hydrogen Ice May Explain Interstellar Glow" - TechnologyReview
"Big-bang modeled as crystals with cracks, crevices, and phase changes."

Outstanding information on strange H, He, O atoms, and a great story on the emerging "Superfluid Cosmology": Very Hot and Cold Superfluids Demonstrate the Strangeness of Atoms."

"It is remarkable that a single, small hydrogen molecule exhibits most of the strong mid-IR bands which pervade astronomical environments. This fact alone makes (HD)+3 of great interest to astronomers. The floppy nature of these molecules led us to expect line properties which were found to be broadly consistent with those observed for the unexplainable puzzling diffuse interstellar bands called DIBs. The multitude of weak lines yields an apparent continuum of optical absorption. To these phenomena one can add FUV absorption contributed by the solid hydrogen matter itself and a red fluorescence, possibly attributable to H-. "In an astronomical context solid hydrogen is expected to manifest itself in a variety of ways, each of which seems to resemble one of the observed astronomical phenomena collectively attributed to dust." This is an incredible analogy implying the Universe is fractal, like dust. Solid hydrogen is more stable when it contains impurities in the lattice to help stabilize it, like the conditions found in outer space.  Serious considerations and new cosmology models should be built to reflect the fact that solid hydrogen is abundant in the ISM. The scientists state, "very likely there exists a gas which is so cold and dense that pure hydrogen precipitates can form. This gas cannot be part of the diffuse interstellar medium, but must instead form distinct "self-gravitating" cosmic entities." Clouds of this extremely cold dense type are mostly transparent, having very little thermal emission, and were postulated by Pfenniger and Combes to be a significant component of the galaxy's dark matter. Walker and Wardle argued that small amounts of solid hydrogen can confer thermal stability on these clouds, and maintain the shapes and rotation curves of galaxies without dark matter. Solid hydrogen is very dense and nearly transparent in the optical region. The 7.7 and 8.6 um astronomical bands are often the strongest of all observed UIR features, and are not predicted by solid hydrogen models. Good speculation is it could be from the abundant presences of both liquid and solid hydrogen, helium, oxygen, nitrogen, etc. in outer space, which of course if acknowledged someday, would clearly suggests a better older cosmology.

the "triple point" is largely T and P related. Matter can collectively transform into each of three different states (solid, liquid, gas).

Cosmic scale "Quadruple points" could be considered as locations where superfluid behaving plasmas interact with the exotic states of hydrogen and helium by astrochemistry laws.

Helium 4 makes up 23% of the Universes's ordinary matter, and nearly all the ordinary matter that is not hydrogen.

Liquid oxygen has a pale blue color, and is strongly paramagnetic. Liquid oxygen can be suspended between the magnetic poles of a powerful horseshoe magnet. 
The poles of galaxies could circulate liquid oxygen filaments around the galaxy.
Liquid Oxygen GALAXY Filaments 
pale blue liquid oxygen in a cup
Dusty Galaxy model 
Solid hydrogen particles stabilized by dust float on the surface of liquid helium. Solid hydrogen is abundant in the interstellar medium.
Dusty Galaxy model 
Solid hydrogen floats on liquid helium (NASA story)

Liquid Nitrogen's role with Electricity 
Broken light bulb stays lit by contacting liquid nitrogen
Liquid nitrogen is non-conductive and naturally surrounds electrical contacts, like does nitrogen gas. Filaments cause liquid nitrogen to vaporize producing an insulating bubble of nitrogen gas around the filament. This keeps the nitrogen liquid for a much longer time.
Magnetic Levitating Superconducting Galaxy Disks
Magnetic Levitation above a superconducting disk in liquid nitrogen
Sombrero Galaxy disk with halo

The milky way's galactic disk rotates around the galactic center. It has been found that the rotation speed is almost constant, no matter whether it is near the center or near the outer edge. The milky way's disk is roughly 100,000 light years in diameter, 1,000 light years average thickness, with a spheroidal bulge at the center of the galaxy that is 12,000 light years in diameter. The concentration of stars drops smoothly with distance from the center of the galaxy. Beyond a radius of roughly 40,000 light years, the number of stars per cubic parsec drops much faster with radius, for reasons not understood.  Recent NAO measurements show the sun is 26,100 light years from the galaxy center, and the galactic rotation velocity in our solar system is 240 km/sec around the center of the galaxy. NAO also found that the galactic rotation velocity is almost constant between 10,000 to 50,000 light years from the galactic center. This data can model a magnetically levitating superconducting galaxy disk, with liquid helium at the galaxy center. 
Liquid Neon

Super Fluid Helium as a Black Hole constituent  
Superstates of helium play important roles as constituents for a "black hole."  Solid hydrogen stabilized by dust floats on the surface of liquid helium. Inferred temperatures of black holes approach absolute zero. Solid hydrogen is found to likely fill the interstellar medium of a galaxy. Galaxy disks float around the surface or inferred center of the "black hole."  Liquid helium spins friction free with zero viscosity, as do black holes. Both liquid helium and black holes contain quantum vortices. The solid hydrogen particles form clusters like do stars and galaxies. Single liquid helium atoms align together and climb the container's surface mimicking anti-gravity.

Condensed Matter Phase Changes Forms Stars and Produces Starlight Radiation:

Atomic hydrogen propellant feed systems transport solid hydrogen particles from storage tanks to the engines using liquid helium as the carrier fluid. Turbulent flow keeps the hydrogen particles in suspension. Helium is a commonly used carrier gas for gas chromatography. Analogously in a galaxy full of stars, solid hydrogen particles from the interstellar medium are transported in suspension by turbulent super fluid flowing liquid helium, inside nebula"fountains" that form stars by a sudden phase change. Currently undetectable solid hydrogen particles are heated and form ionized hydrogen plasma gas. This releases the exothermic energy and radiation of sunlight, forms the gas bubbles, sunspots and magnetic fields of the sun, and explains away the plaque haunting fusion theory in the sun's core. Supernovas are explainable by the explosive phase change and huge 100x expansion ratio of  liquid helium conversion into gas. The liquid helium star core suddenly warms rapidly, and explodes ejects plasma gases. On earth, without pressure-relief devices installed, liquid helium explodes into helium gas. In outer space there are near vacuum conditions and extremely low pressures.  Helium gas containers at 5 to 10 Kelvin can rapidly thermally expand and explode when warmed towards room temperature. Liquid helium cools certain metals to extremely low temperatures required for superconductivity, such as in superconducting magnets for magnetic resonance imaging or MRI.  
Supersolid Helium 
Supersolidity occurs when outside atoms flow without friction through solid helium. Supersolid helium has lattice vacancies or defects.

solid carbon dioxide CO2 
A Fractal Macroscopic Quantum Effect in Liquid Helium
Quantum vortices in superfluid helium 


Helium crystals grow extremely rapidly in plasma superfluids.



Abundances of Elements in the Universe
H is first at 93.4%  He is second at 6.5%  Oxygen is third at 0.06%  Carbon is fourth at 0.03%  Nitrogen is fifth at 0.011%  Neon is sixth at 0.01%
  

Wednesday, September 12, 2012

Double Helix Pigtail Molecular Cloud Further Supports a Living Cell Galaxy and Fractal Biocosmology

The pigtail molecular cloud is the most clear, detailed, and largest DNA like double helix molecular cloud discovered. It is near our galaxy's center where gases become very dense. Matsumura and Oka at Keiko University believe that a magnetic tube formed between the two clouds, which captures the gas that becomes twisted and squeezed by frictional contact. The magnetic tube is perpendicular to the milky ways galactic disc between the two clouds. The clouds move along the main two elliptical orbits around the galactic nucleus.

Pigtail molecular cloud

The paper: "Discovery of the Pigtail Molecular Cloud"
Overwhelming evidence grows that living processes shape galaxies.  The diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) are hundreds of unidentified molecules that exist between the stars. They are believed to contain organic PAC's, which are known to be excreted as waste products by metabolism. Scientists say they form in outer space and caused life to emerge on earth. The PAC's could be trillions of years old and the logical theory is that life first arose on earth from outer space contamination from waste. The fact that PAC's are stable in outer space doesn't require any thinking for a theory on how they form in interstellar space. You'll be much better off realizing that earth is indeed a parasitic planet full of waste, and that you can do better than the Universe with the right kind of thinking.
Living Galaxy Cell Theory
Living filamentary plasma structures in the Universe

Saturday, September 1, 2012

Optical and UV Lasers Control Enhance Cosmic Phenomena to have Wide Temperature Ranges that Superconduct Electricity

Small amounts of optical and ultraviolet lasers have a strong response that alters the temperatures that materials superconduct electricity. Optical and ultraviolet laser beams are common phenomena inside the filaments of stars, nebula, and galaxies, and are known to be able to dramatically alter the critical temperatures of  its elements, to become superconductors over the extremely wide temperature ranges found in cosmic scale plasmas. All atoms and elements will become a superconductor at a low enough temperature at their critical state. Magnetism and superconductivity are analogs.

Tel Aviv Univ (feature story) "Controlling Superconductors with Light"

Yoram Dagan of Tel Aviv University says "temperature is a crucial element for superconductors." "Each material has a critical temperature when it becomes superconducting." "By manipulating different types of light, including ultraviolet and visible light, the critical temperatures of superconducting materials are altered." "This is a small change (by adding the lasers) that results in very large responses." "It's a strong response for a small amount of light."

New Outer Space Stories - RSS Feeds

Cheap handheld Holographic microscope

Build your own CLOAKING DEVICE from magnetic tape and off-the-shelf superconductors

EM Black Hole Device without Gravity

Type II SUPERCONDUCTORS constrain the magnetic field in FILAMENTS surrounded by vortex currents.

Type II SUPERCONDUCTORS constrain the magnetic field in FILAMENTS surrounded by vortex currents.
Superfluid helium is a type II superconductor that carries angular momentum by electric currents in quantized vortices