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Wednesday, October 31, 2012

Dark Galaxies of Glowing Gas and Phony Dark Matter Found

Dark galaxies have been supposedly observed by glowing fluorescent hydrogen gas being illuminated by a nearby quasar's ultraviolet radiation. The light from the quasar illuminates dark galaxies in a process similar to how white clothes fluorescence by ultraviolet light in the dark. Sebastiano Cantalupo at The Kavil Foundation says "Dark galaxies are composed of both dark matter and gas." The only real component found is gas, and it is not being properly identified as ionized electromagnetic plasma. There is no detectable starlight, nor any stars observable in the gas, mystifying these scientists who call it a "dark galaxy." Without even taking measurements to see if there is any missing gravity nearby requiring dark matter, the glowing fluorescent ionized plasma gas is called a "dark matter galaxy." "First Detection of Dark Galaxies Sheds Fluorescent Light" - Feature story
12 Dark Galaxies Discovered Glowing From Nearby Quasar Radiation - "Shining a Light on Dark Galaxies" (Kavli Foundation Oct 2012 second story)
12 presumed dark galaxies are circled and near quasar HE0109-3518 at the center (original July 2012 story)
Simon Lilly at the Kavli Institute for cosmology says "I wonder if we can use this technique to see the emission of filamentary gas in the cosmic web, and if so, how close are we to seeing that?  Answer: A lot closer than how they think.

Dark galaxy with dark stars and dark planets

Protostellar Cores Are Likely Condensed Gases That Undergo Phase Changes Into Superfluids In Cold Molecular Cloud Regions





3D map of cores





A sudden phase change largely of helium gas into superfluid helium 3 occurs near 2 degrees kelvin inside massive protostellar cores, under strong magnetic fields and pressures. This is the brief one thousand year precursor stage for star birth.

New 3D Molecular Cloud Map Startles Astronomers by Revealing Different Interpretations on Why and How Stars Form:
I
Over 500 known "Protostellar cores" are in a precursor protostar stage. Cores are located in extremely dense and cold ~20 degree kelvin dense filamentary regions inside molecular clouds. Protostellar cores were found ranging from 1 to thousands of solar masses. Sarah Ragan writes "there is an underlying population of protostars similar to what is seen in these nearby molecular clouds, and another population of cores in even earlier stages." "Stars form deeply embedded in cold, dense molecular clouds. There is ten times more mass in the host clouds then already in the protostar cores."




Precursors to high mass stars and clusters
protostellar core
 Sarah Ragan has a webpage. Sarah Ragan writes "Tiny nearby Barnard 68 is only a potential two protostar region, but it is condensing from a drawn-out filament, that is heated by external radiation from the direction aligned with the central plane of our milky way galaxy." "CO observations show that B68 is part of a chain of dark globules in both space and velocity, which may indicate it was once part of a filament which dispersed." Barnard 68 is only 500 light years away and 1/2 light years across, but contains extremely dense and cold filament regions where about two protostars will form. A sudden phase change from helium gas to liquid helium in filamentary regions near 2 degrees kelvin, would explain all phenomena by protostars. A hot gaseous envelope would suddenly emerge and  surround the liquid helium core, and a bilayer shields it where it slowly evaporates into helium gas.  A new emerging astrochemistry based cosmology of superfluids and dusty plasma galaxies, describes these exotic phase changes of hydrogen, helium, oxygen, nitrogen. Helium gas turns to liquid at the coldest temperature for any atom. Liquid oxygen filaments likely circulate around the poles of emerging protostars and galaxies. Evidence can be found in my research story here.
Barnard 68 is translucent in infrared light (right). Protostars have to form in these invisible opaque regions at temperatures lower than 20 degrees kelvin. Helium gas phase changes into liquid helium at 2 degrees kelvin. Helium is the second most abundant atom in the universe, and composes 34% of ordinary matter.


Monday, October 29, 2012

Stellar Wind Plasma Bubble S 308 of Massive Star HD 50896 Produces X-rays and Jets with Electric Currents

A plasma bubble formed by a strong stellar wind surrounds the 35+ solar mass Wolf-Rayet pink colored star in the center of the image. Bubble S 308 is 60 light years across and only 5,000 light years away.  The plasma is 1 million degrees and has blue colored X-rays. The upper left X-ray jet is called a wolf ear. The wolf ear seems to disappear into a hole, where the solar wind jet travels away from the star. There are electric currents in the stellar wind jet responsible for producing the surrounding magnetized plasma bubble, where the magnetic field lines wrap tightly around the jet. Our solar system bubble should be similar but much smaller.  The accepted interpretation neglects plasma physics, believing that the green colored regions are where a shock wave is rushing out and colliding with other material. Green colored well collimated plasma blobs are probably near the region of the interstellar magnetic field, where the bubble ends. This is almost where Voyager is now in the outskirts of our solar system.
Bubble S 308 is produced by the stellar wind of a massive star. Huge amounts of X-rays are emitted in 1 million degree plasma, in ways that refute the existence of fictional black holes.

Sunday, October 28, 2012

Type Ia Binary Stars Supernova When Poles Magnetically Lock

Astronomer Craig Wheeler says current theories for type Ia supernovae are wrong. Wheeler proposes a new supernova theory that the most common M dwarfs and white dwarf stars form binary pairs having opposite charged magnetic poles that attract. Ultimately they become "tidally" and magnetically locked into a rotation in which the same side of each always faces the other, like our moon, and the magnetic poles point directly at one another. The larger white dwarf pulls material that builds up on a single spot that points directly back at the smaller M dwarf, suddenly irradiating it entirely in a supernova explosion.  Both stars could explode when the Birkeland currents in the poles connect together.


Tycho supernova remnant(Feature story)
Supernova star cores can never be found, not even in the nearby Tycho that is only 10,000 - 16,000 light years away, and 15-30 LY diameter. Craig Wheeler says that the spectra in supernova shows that current gravitational theories are wrong.  An electromagnetic theory that the magnetic poles lock together, is proven with the earth and moon. There's no need to speculate further on how gravity could be involved, by calling it by another name, "tidal locking." Theoretical gravity waves remain undetected. The electric field is called the tidal gravity component in relativity, and electric and magnetic fields exist together.  Clearly this should be in the hands of plasma astrophysicists, not gravity theorists.

Magnetic fields become amplified in space, seen in the X-ray stripes of supernova Tycho. Trapped electrons spiral around tangled magnetic field lines and emit X-rays. X-ray flares near our galaxy's core are not produced by a black hole.

Friday, October 26, 2012

Most Distant Oldest Quasar In Very Dusty Environment Defies the Big-bang Age

Quasar J1148+5251 is the oldest and most distant luminous quasar. It is among the dustiest galaxies in the visible universe. The dust is so widely distributed that it shrouds all the starlight within the host galaxy. No detectable starlight leaks out from around the host galaxy, that is presumed to have a central solar system sized disk and black hole. The oldest known quasar is in an extremely dusty environment. With so much more dust blocking starlight the farther we look, there's just no way to see older and farther galaxies, that defy the age of the big-bang. 
No detectable starlight from the farthest and oldest quasar in an extremely dusty environment, indicates the universe is far larger and older than the age of the big-bang.

21 quasars were found that explained the missing cosmic X-ray background sky. These quasars are hidden behind both a dust ring, and the dust of the galaxy itself. This is a strong sign that there is more dust in space far beyond our view of the visible universe, and ample evidence for a fractal dust cosmology of EM shaped galaxies.
Dust Conceals Many of the Farthest Detected Quasars, indicating a cosmology of dust.

Thursday, October 25, 2012

Galaxy Without a Black Hole Found Having a Large Diffuse Core

"We don't know for sure that the black hole is not there, but there's no concentration of stars in the galactic core" says co-author Tod Lauer.   

Galaxy Without a Black Hole in the Core (feature story)
Team leader Marc Postman of the Space Telescope Science Institute says "the core is very diffuse and very large." 

Elliptical Galaxy A2261-BCG is a diffuse, bloated, foggy patch of light. The starlight intensity remains constant across the entire galaxy. There is a diffuse halo of stars instead of a bright central galactic core. Enormous elliptical galaxy A2261-BCG spans 1 million light years across, with a central region 3 times larger than other very luminous galaxies.
Galaxy M33 also lacks a black hole
A better theory than the far-fetched ejected black hole by the authors, is that an extremely rare alignment orientation shows that the center of a spinning galaxy is far larger than believed, and that black holes do not exist.

Wednesday, October 24, 2012

X-ray Flare Near Milky Way's Center Unequivocally Called a "Black Hole"

 For two full days in July 2012 a team of telescopes kept starring at the center of our galaxy. Finally, a mild X-ray flare was photographed by NuSTAR, Keck, and NASA's CHANDRA telescope. The scientists say "We got lucky to have captured an outburst from the black hole at the center of our galaxy." Why waste two days of observing time, just to be lucky to capture a mild flare and prove nothing?  The interpretation is always unequivocally that a black hole is causing something that is electromagnetic phenomena. All knowledge of objective reality and science was obtained by studying electromagnetic phenomena.  Nebula emit X-ray flares where stars are forming inside filaments. Our sun at times suddenly emits X-ray jets out it's north pole. Neutron stars believed to have a superfluid core and no black hole, emit intense X-rays.  Black holes are phony.  
X-ray flare near milky way's center (feature story)


Tuesday, October 23, 2012

Quasar PKS 0637-752 Core Blasts Relativistic Material in Radio Jet of Electricity Over 2 Million Light Years

A new detailed photo shows a 2 million light year long radio jet of relativistic moving material being ejected from the solar system sized central core region of Quasar PKS 0637-752. The new photo shows regularly spaced bright spots or knots.
Quasar radio jets
Bright diamond shaped knots in the quasar jet are Birkeland currents twisted into a braided rope like structure by magnetic fields produced by electricity. In the feature story, a ridiculous interpretation is that shock waves shape the knots like the exhaust from fighter jets.
Jets accelerate electrons at relativistic speeds and high energies over cosmic scale distances. Gravity weakens over vast distances, where electromagnetic forces do not. Jets carry electric current and are electromagnetic phenomena. Galaxy 3c303 has an electric current stretching in a jet over 150,000 light years that was measured to be 10^18 amps. It is obviously clear that electromagnetism is shaping and ruling the universe. Electric current is the motion of charges, mainly electrons. RADIO WAVES are dynamical configurations of the electric and magnetic fields in free outer space. AN ALTERNATING ELECTRIC CURRENT CAN GENERATE A RADIO WAVE OF THE SAME FREQUENCY AND VICE-VERSA. Black holes are phony and not required.
Quasar PKS 0637-752 Jets

In "Periodic Structure in the Megaparsec-Scale Jet of PKS 0637-752." (free paper version) Leith Godfrey at the International Center for Radio Astronomy Research writes "the X-ray emission mechanism, dynamics, and the physical processes shaping the jet morphology remains unresolved." "We still don't understand how jets are produced or what they're made of." This jet emits lots of X-rays, which cannot be explained with our current models." "If we want to understand how galaxies form and evolve, we need to understand jets." "Knots in the inner jet are real and well above the side-lobes from the bright core." "Knots in radio sources may be separate portions of the jet matter moving at different speeds and luminosity" said Stawarz in 2004. 





Quasar PKS 0637-752 Radio and X-ray Jets
Quasar PKS 0637-752 jets

Monday, October 22, 2012

Ancient M87 Elliptical Galaxy Has Spiral Arms Raising Doubts on the Age of the Universe

Galaxy models are mostly based on dating back to the beginning of the universe by the big-bang theory. Ancient elliptical galaxies have little star formation, and are believed to be amongst the oldest galaxies in the universe. Two star forming spiral arms discovered in the galaxy core of nearby M87 raises doubts about how old galaxies and the universe really is. M87 is easy to study being only 12 million light years away, and is the first elliptical galaxy discovered to have spiral arms, by using a new telescope, and a new technique to study the galaxy core. 
M87 supposedly consumed a spiral galaxy, that formed a new spiral structure inside the far larger M87 galaxy's core.
Astronomers say M87 has a split personality because a gaseous spiral arm structure is in the elliptical galaxy's core. It is believed that M87 recently consumed a spiral galaxy, and the remains will be visible for a long time in the core.  The better explanation is that gravity theories on galaxy models are wrong, because no such new intricate spiral galaxy core remnant structure could survive or transform from turbulent gases, during a violent consumption over a long period of time inside the enormous M87 galaxy. There is never any evidence of black holes colliding in the universe, yet there are so many galaxy mergers during the long lifetimes of ancient galaxies, wrongfully used to explain the age of the universe. 
M87

Near edge on view of M87 disk

The disk of M87 is nearly edge on with our line of sight, which allowed scientists to discover that M87 has two spiral arms. They believe that many more elliptical galaxies also have spiral arms. This contradicts current beliefs on how galaxies form and evolve. This "split personality" is actually their wrong interpretation and the truth that was discovered.
M87 core jetM87 nucleus and bright knot



Saturday, October 20, 2012

Late Stage Merging Galaxies Discredits Black Holes and Dark Matter Theories

Polar Ring galaxy NGC 660 has no detectable tidal tails. It is presumed to be a completed galaxy merger.
The supposed late stage merger of NGC 2623 into just one galactic nucleus {Feature Story}
Obvious evidence against the theoretically inferred existence of gravitational black holes, are visibly thin vast line of sight aligned intergalactic filaments, spanning hundreds of millions of light years, and intersecting inside the cores of galaxies. The sculpture wall of galaxies has an aligned filament, seen by Tatao Fang, connecting to the center of a galaxy, that he calls a black hole. Halton Arp discovered and cataloged the unusual galaxy NGC2623 or Arp 243. NGC 2623 or Arp 243 is supposed to be the result of a late stage galaxy merger, where the centers of both galaxies have already merged into one larger new galaxy center. If this happened the galaxy would have been entirely blown apart by two supermassive black holes colliding.


If gravitational black holes were real, there would be evidence of extremely massive black holes colliding. There is no evidence of any black holes colliding nor merging in the universe. 
Hubble claims NGC 2623 is in a "late stage merger, with the centers of both galaxy pairs already merged into one nucleus." If this were true, then the two supermassive black holes would have collided and exploded violently, releasing enormous amounts and types of radiation that would be obviously visible.
The Aaron Evans team at Hubble that studied NGC 2623 say "stretching out from the center are two tidal tails of young stars, a strong indicator that a merger has taken place." These so called "tidal tails" did not form by two black holes merging together into a brand new gravitational singularity. They are intergalactic plasma filaments connecting together galaxies where stars form like beads on strings. Cosmic filaments have phony gravitational dark matter attachment components. In numerous photos of unusual galaxies taken by famous astronomer Halton Arp, it is clear that the theoretical "tidal tail" are actually vast cosmic filaments that can extend hundreds of millions of light years and connect with distant galaxies. There is one vast aligned cosmic filament bridge of stars, and not two or more tidal gravity tails. The tidal tail theory associated with the big-bang cosmology is as foolish as chasing real tails in science.

Stars and galaxies form like beads on strings inside filaments. Filaments are not tidal tails. 
Sheer lunacy gravity tidal tails 
the Violin Clef galaxy merger clearly shows one filament forming stars connecting 3 galaxies
Peculiar Galaxies Cataloged by Halton Arp
Atlas of peculiar galaxies with nearby filaments

Wednesday, October 17, 2012

Cosmic Plasma Filaments With Attached Dark Matter Components Create Unexplainable Gravity Interpretations

3-D plasma filaments are twisted plasma knots called Birkeland currents - that have nothing at all to do with phony dark matter components attached inside and nearby cosmic filaments by gravity scientists who purport the big-bang cosmology. Electric currents moving along filaments shape galaxies and connect them together, not dark matter.  Filaments strongly attract gas and dust at these twisted knots where galaxy clusters collide together.  A line of sight aligned cosmic filament in the galaxy cluster Abell 520 is a humiliation to dark matter scientists, who cannot explain why so few galaxies are at the center. Ebeling's ESO team ridiculously claims that a thin vast 60 million light year long strand of dark matter (gravity) stretches back from the core of MACS J0717, almost along our line of sight from earth. Ebeling says "filaments distort the images of background galaxies." The team supposedly converted the distorted background images into a "mass map overlay" for dark matter, so that ground based telescopes could make the first ever 3-D map of a dark matter filament structure. The paper won't be published until next month. How they claim to have converted background image distortions from actual plasma filaments, into a phony dark matter interpretation, is by the collaborative crock pot of outdated standard cosmology. 
The phony dark matter mass map of MACS J0717 (shown in blue color) is in the galaxy cluster and surrounding region. The plasma filament visibly extends out and to the left of the cluster core.
MACS J0717 mass map overlay
3D Geometry of MACS J0717 Galaxy Cluster Filaments


The "mother of all galaxy cluster pileups" is MACS J0717 where four galaxy clusters are converging along a filament that contains 1,000 galaxies, gas clouds, and dust. Phony dark matter is purported to explain this.


MACS J0717 galaxy cluster



Abell 222 and 223 galaxy clusters have these imaginary fictional dark matter components attached to a filament along our line of sight by an aligned plasma filament.


Tuesday, October 16, 2012

Our Solar System and Alien Planets Orbit Stars In Flat Planes Defying Gravity and Dark Matter Theories

Alien planets orbit in same flat plane around star Kepler-30 
Feature story - "Planetary Orbits are Flatter Than Pancakes"
Over 85% of alien planets have inclinations less than three degrees. Trajectories of planets around host stars are closely aligned in a pancake shaped geometry, similar to planets in our own solar system. 7 out of 8 planets in our solar system have inclinations less than three degrees, with Mercury the exception. Julia Fang says "these flat orbits imply low relative inclinations with planets all orbiting near the same plane." Extremely thin flattened planes and low inclinations are consistent with planets forming in a protoplanetary disk by a shoddy gravitational explanation that adverts a predicted spherical distribution of planets. Ionized molecular clouds must have electric currents that produce the magnetic fields, that forms stars that form protoplanetary disks. 


Dusty disk around the star Haro 6-5B
The milky way galaxy's dwarf satellite companions ALSO Orbit in a Flat Plane around the galaxy disk.  98% of the stars in a galaxy orbit inside spiral arm filaments around the center of the galaxy. The solar system planets orbit in a flat plane.  Jupiter's electric field has been proven to stabilize the orbits of trojan asteroids, by the same mathematics that electrons orbit in a flat plane around an atomic nucleus.  Enormous thin flat walled superclusters of galaxies shows overwhelming evidence supporting an electromagnetic fractal universe.

The milky way's roughly 20 companions, including dwarf satellite galaxies and globular clusters, are distributed in a tidy plane that orbits at a right angle to the disk of the milky way galaxy.  Dark matter theories predict there should be a spherical distribution around our galaxy. Scientist Kroupa says on a National Geographic story "there is no dark matter."

Debris ring around star Fomalhaut
















Planetary debris around dwarf star HD 107146




Why the Solar System's Plane is Flat 
Solar system's magnetized bubble and electric current sheet from the solar wind

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Type II SUPERCONDUCTORS constrain the magnetic field in FILAMENTS surrounded by vortex currents.

Type II SUPERCONDUCTORS constrain the magnetic field in FILAMENTS surrounded by vortex currents.
Superfluid helium is a type II superconductor that carries angular momentum by electric currents in quantized vortices